How News Is Made

News

News is any information that will interest or affect people. It includes events, activities, problems and developments. It also covers the work of politicians, companies and institutions. It may be either current or historic. News is of special interest to those who want to know about the world and their immediate environment, but it also appeals to those who are curious or interested in particular subjects. The things that make news vary in different societies, but many of the criteria for what makes a story interesting are the same. A story which is new, unusual, interesting and significant is likely to have a high degree of news value.

A story is reported when it catches the attention of the writer and readers of the newspaper, magazine or radio. A good article will have a catchy headline that grabs the reader’s attention. It will also contain a summary of the main points of the story and should include the name of the author. In journalism jargon, this is called the lede.

After the lead, the article should contain all of the important facts about the news item in order of importance, beginning with the most significant. This will help the reader decide whether to read further. The writer will also need to indicate where the information came from – an interview, court documents, a web site or a government source, for example. This is called attribution and is a requirement of the journalist’s code of ethics.

The next step is to write the article itself. It will be important to think about what readers will want to know about the topic and write an article that is clear, concise and easy to understand. It will also be important to research the topic extensively and gather all the information you can about it.

Finally, the writer should proofread the article carefully for misspellings and grammatical errors, as well as for consistency and tone. In addition, it will be useful to have another person read the article to see if it is clear and easy to understand.

It is the job of the news media – newspapers, magazines, radio and television – to inform and educate their audience. Entertainment can come from other sources – music and drama on radio and TV; cartoons and crosswords in newspapers and magazines. It is the role of journalists to decide what is newsworthy, and to report it in such a way that it will attract an audience. Journalists do this using a set of judgment guidelines that are not totally objective. But they do not ignore the opinions of their audiences and will try to give them what they want. This is not always possible, of course. But it is often a desirable aim.