Automobiles are land vehicles that have four wheels and an engine to make them move. The word automobile is derived from the Greek prefix auto (self) and the Latin verb mobilis, meaning “to move”.
They are used for transporting people and goods across distances, which in modern times has become a basic need for human existence. These vehicles have a wide range of uses and are important for many industries.
There are a variety of different types of Automobiles, including: SUVs and Crossovers
Sport utility vehicles (SUVs) are very popular among buyers because they combine the practicality of a car with the ruggedness of a truck. Generally, they come in a few different sizes and are offered by a variety of manufacturers.
These cars can be a great choice for families with kids because they offer a spacious interior and are often quite affordable. But they do tend to sacrifice fuel economy for the sake of performance.
They are also more prone to rollover accidents than other cars because they have large amounts of weight at the back, so a good safety system is important.
Most cars have a manual transmission, which requires drivers to change gears manually. However, there are also automatic transmissions that are available.
Some cars use an electrical power source to drive their engines, which may be powered by a battery or by chemical energy from gasoline. Electric motors are more efficient than gasoline engines at high speeds, but they are more expensive and require special electrical equipment.
The cost of the vehicle goes beyond the initial purchase price and includes repairs, fuel, depreciation, parking fees, tire replacements, taxes and insurance. There are also indirect societal costs, such as pollution, health care and maintenance of the roads and other infrastructure.
There are many types of automobiles and each type has its own specific features. Some of these features include:
The chassis is the structure of the body that makes the car safe and stable to drive. It is made from steel, aluminum, plastic, or a combination of materials. The design of the chassis is influenced by the type of vehicle that will be made and by the end-use that will be served by the vehicle.
It is a complex technical system that has evolved over time from breakthroughs in existing technology and from new technologies, such as electronic computers, high-strength plastics, and alloys of steel and nonferrous metals. Some of these systems have been developed as a result of factors such as air pollution, safety legislation, and competition between manufacturers throughout the world.
These systems also have to be able to handle heavy loads and extreme operating conditions. For this reason, some vehicles have to be durable and simple while others must be designed for high-speed, limited-access road systems.
They are mainly made of iron and have steel or aluminium bodies, but some can be made from other materials as well. For example, some hybrid and all-electric automobiles are made from a combination of steel and batteries.